Treatment of osteoporosis typically involves lifestyle modification and pharmaceutical treatment as appropirate.
- Adequate calcium, protein and vitamin D intake, regular weight-bearing and muscle-strengthening exercise, and falls prevention strategies are essential for anyone with weak bones. Researches have shown that sunlight exposure can increase the BMD of vitamin D deficient bone and lead to the preventio of nonvertebra fracutre.
- For those at high risk of osteoporosis, there is a range of drug treatment available for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Different studies have consistently shown that, depending on the drug and the patient population, treatment reduces the risk of vertebral fracture by between 30-70%, nonvertebral fractures by between 15-20%, and hip fractures up to 40%.